Supporting the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs)

Ricardo Energy & Environment and CDKN Quick-Start Guide to NDC Implementation

Click here to view the interactive online guide

Click here to view a PDF of the guide



The global climate change agreement adopted in Paris in December 2015 was historic and ground-breaking. Ricardo is now supporting countries to implement their climate commitments under the Paris Agreement - Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) - including the development of national NDC implementation plans, sector action plans and capturing the synergies between NDCs and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NDC implementation needs to be tailored to each country’s circumstances, building on existing strategies, plans and capacities, and clearly setting out how action on the ground will be delivered and turned into achievements. We are currently working with a range of countries such as Bangladesh, Nigeria and Myanmar, as well as international development organisations, to support NDC implementation.

Ricardo Energy & Environment, in conjunction with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), has developed a Quick-Start Guide to NDC Implementation, to support countries to identify the practical next steps to implement their NDCs and develop an NDC implementation plan. The Guide is accompanied by a Reference Manual that contains detailed lists of activities which could be incorporated into an NDC implementation plan. The activities are set out in five distinct (but intrinsically linked) modules, based on Ricardo Energy & Environment’s NDC implementation framework: governance, mitigation, adaptation, finance and measurement, reporting and verification (MRV).

Ricardo Energy & Environment was at the forefront of the preparation of INDCs in 2015, supporting policy makers from over 15 countries to put forward fair and ambitious levels of climate change action that reflected each country’s development and environmental goals. Countries that Ricardo Energy & Environment supported include: Albania, Armenia, Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, Kenya, Laos, Lebanon, Nigeria, Myanmar, Ukraine and Zambia. In addition, Ricardo Energy & Environment, in conjunction with the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), designed a guide for Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States on how to develop their INDCs.

Ricardo Energy & Environment has a long track record of supporting governments around the world develop mitigation and adaptation policy, monitoring and reporting systems, climate finance frameworks and governance and coordination structures. Our international team includes internationally-recognised climate policy experts and sectoral experts who can advise on specific technical solutions. We are therefore well-placed to support governments on the NDC implementation journey.

Our NDC implementation expertise includes the following:

  • Analysis of mitigation potential and costs
  • Development of sectoral action plans
  • NAMA screening and development
  • Comprehensive vulnerability assessments
  • Development of National Adaptation Plans
Climate finance 
  • Review and costing of support requirements
  • Development of climate investment plans
  Measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) 
  • Development of national GHG inventory and MRV systems
  • Monitoring and evaluation of mitigation and adaptation policies
  • Tracking climate finance
  • Development of NDC implementation roadmaps 
  • Stakeholder consultation and peer review


NDC Resources 


Implementing the Paris Climate Agreement: Turning Action Plans into Achievement


Implementing the Paris Climate Agreement


Delivering Long-Term Climate Change Mitigation


International Climate Finance


Developing National MRV Systems and GHG Inventories


Supporting National Adaptation Planning


Transport Policy Analysis


City GHG Emissions Inventories, Projections and Management


Practical guidance for Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States on how to prepare their INDCs (created in conjunction with CDKN)


Urban Transport Roadmaps



Implementing the Paris Climate Agreement webinar

This webinar video will provide information on:

What the Paris Agreement means from the perspective of policy makers dealing with national climate policy.

A simple but comprehensive conceptual framework setting out the main ‘pillars’ of INDC implementation and how they interact.

Examples of actions which countries can take forward under each pillar and how they might be drawn together into an INDC Implementation Roadmap.

Case studies of best practice drawn from a wide range of countries.


The Partnership on Sustainable, Low Carbon Transport (SLoCaT) report on: INDCs opportunities for ambitious action on transport and climate change

Ricardo Energy and Environment supported the report with case studies based on the experience we have gained from directly working with the respective governments.